21st Century Learning

Personalization v Differentiation v Individualization – Education

Personalization vs. Differentiation vs. Individualization

In a personalized learning environment, learning starts with the learner. The learner understands how they learn best so they can become an active participant in designing their learning goals along with the teacher. The learner takes responsibility for their learning. When they own and drive their learning, they are motivated and challenged as they learn so they work harder than their teacher.

When teachers differentiate instruction, learners are identified based upon their challenges in a specific content area and skill levels. The teacher uses existing differentiated curriculum or adapts instruction to meet the needs of different groups of learners and select at-risk individual learners.

When a teacher individualizes instruction, the teacher identifies the learner’s needs through evaluations based on their challenges or disabilities. The teacher reviews the findings and recommendations from the evaluations with other professionals to adapt materials and instruction for the individual learner who has cognitive or physical challenges.

In traditional classrooms, the focus is on instruction, standards, and tests. The missing piece in most of the conversations about teaching and curriculum is the learner. Consider the classroom is a puzzle and the learner is one piece of the puzzle. That piece too often gets left out of the discussions and decisions around teaching. The focus on teaching, data, and test scores tends to leave out the most important piece: the Learner.

Personalization is learner-centered. The other two, Differentiation and Individualization are teacher-centered. Personalization or Personalized Learning means the learner is driving their learning. When the learner takes responsibility for their learning, teaching and learning changes. The roles of the teacher and learner change.


Individualization involves assessment OF learning. This is where summative assessment is grade-based and involves testing to confirm what learners know and do not know.

Differentiation involves assessment FOR learning and OF learning. This is assessment that involves time-based testing where teachers provide feedback to advance learning.

Personalization involves assessment AS learning, FOR learning, and a minimal OF learning. This is where teachers develop capacity so learners become independent learners who set goals, monitor progress, and reflect on learning. Assessments are based on mastery.

About Ekin Knowledge

(Ekin Knowledge) is an innovative ed-tech company in the space of personalized learning. edWhizz a cloud based mobile-first personalized learning platform which enables teachers to deliver differentiated instructions and personalized assessments based on student needs. 

edWhizz by Ekin is a personalized learning platform that MOTIVATES the teachers with pedagogical choice, ENGAGES Students  with personalized lessons and assessments and COLLABORATES with parents to provide real time information about their child.


Source : – See more at: http://www.personalizelearning.com



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